How To Know If You Are ‘BAOG’: Signs and Symptoms of Infertility – Must Read!

Infertility signs are sometimes not obvious which makes it hard to determine. Others may have been diagnosed already before. 90% of couples will definitely achieve pregnancy within the first 12 months of unprotected intercourse if both of them were fertile. However, some couple or the remaining 10% will either have pregnancy naturally but takes longer time or through some medical assistance such as the In Vitro Fertilization or the IVF.

Here are the sign and symptoms you are looking for:

Signs of Infertility in Women

1. Irregular menstrual cycle

This may be caused by stress, pills intake or excessive exercise and diet. Symptoms are:

• Absent menstruation (amenorrhea)
• Short (less than 21 days)
• Long (over 35 days)
• Heavy or long menstruation
• Dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation)
• Short menstruation time
• Very pale menstruation
• Clotty or very dark purple/black menstruation
• Mid-cycle bleeding

2.Hormonal Imbalance

Increase or decrease in the number of these hormones can cause hormonal imbalance:
• Progesterone
• Estrogen
• Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
• Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
• Androgens for example DHEA, Testosterone
• Thyroid hormones
• Prolactin

3. Age

Women at the age of 35 and above may experience a decrease in fertility. Here are some fertility related diagnoses:

• Endometriosis
• Uterine Fibroids
• Ovarian Cysts
• STD’s
• Recurrent Miscarriages (more than 3)
• Adenomyosis
• Blocked Fallopian Tubes
• Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Signs of Infertility in Men

Male factor infertility may be determined easily by doing sperm counts. The following issue can be determined after a complete semen analysis:

Production of testosterone and estrogen may determine one’s inability to fertilize. Hormonal imbalance and low sperm count may be caused by improper lifestyle and unhealthy diet. Usually, hormonal imbalance is characterized by low libido, abnormal hair growth and erectile dysfunction.

Erectile dysfunction is the inability to maintain and sustain erection during sexual intercourse. Health related problems may cause this issue. When it happens, it’s time to see a doctor.

The most common hormonal imbalance in men involves production of:
• Testosterone
• Prolactin
• Estrogen

Sperm Count, Health & Delivery Issues are:
• Vas Deferens blockage-varicoceles or STD damage
• Low sperm count (oligospermia)
• Abnormal sperm shape (teratozoospermia)
• Abnormal or poor sperm movement (asthenozoospermia)
• Immobile sperm (necrozoospermia)-this is when the sperm do not move at all; the sperm may be dead, partially alive or alive, but do not move.
• Abnormal sperm production
• Genetic disorders
• Retrograde ejaculation
• Erectile dysfunction (ED)
• Vasectomy reversal- Up to 70% of men with vasectomy develop antisperm antibodies.
• Physical or structural abnormalities such as undescended testicle.

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